INTRODUCTION

by Elizabeth Stephens

An understanding of the dynamics and complexity of population structure never has been more critical for the analysis of international relations. This collection of articles requires us to reconsider how emerging demographic trends affect different communities, as well as how we can effectively manage both opportunities and challenges in the coming decades.


FORUM

Potential and Pitfalls The Economic Implications of Population Aging by Elizabeth Madsen

Human Numbers and a Changing Climate Reducing Emissions Through Cost-Effective Strategies by Robert Engelman

East Asia’s Population Problem by John W. Traphagan

Reconsidering the Prisoner’s Dilemma Strategic Interaction in Refugee Negotiations by Lester A. Zeager

Missing Women and Violent Crimes in India More than a Correlation by Shareen Joshi


POLITICS & DIPLOMACY

Political Opposition in Turkey From Political Parties to the Gezi Protests by Sinan Ciddi - The rise of the AKP in Turkish politics, the failure of opposition parties to challenge the AKP in parliament, and the growing tensions between the AKP-led government and Turkish civil society serve as the backdrop to an increasingly charged political climate. However, the weak organizational structure of protest movements guarantees AKP’s continued dominance in Turkish politics.

Nuclear Energy and the BRICS Competition and Contestation in South Africa by Adriana E. Abdenur and Conrad Kassier -The 2011 meltdown at Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant permanently changed the face of nuclear development. While some countries have since backed away from the field, South Africa has launched itself into the arena, engaging Russia and China in a competition to become the main regional energy provider.


CONFLICT & SECURITY

Bringing the Taliban to the Table Developing a Framework for Peace in a Country That Has Only Known War by Ronald E. Neumann - Afghan society is composed of diverse political factions, including the Taliban, thus hampering peace negotiations. While peace is unlikely in today’s context, government stability and continued foreign support could eventually make the possibility of talks a reality.

Temporary Coincidence or Framework for the Future an interview with Colin H. Kahl Iran’s nuclear threat has aligned Israeli and Saudi interests, setting the stage for potential military collaboration. However, Israel remains unlikely to attack Iran and prospects for future cooperation are inhibited by Saudi domestic factors, as well as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


CULTURE & SOCIETY

Blog del Narco and the Future of Citizen Journalism by Andrés Monroy-Hernández and Luis Daniel Palacios - The anonymous Blog del Narco serves as an invaluable outlet for information about Mexico’s ongoing drug war. How has the site both challenged and augmented traditional journalism, and how does it represent a shift in notions of what constitutes a news organization? (click to view FREE content)

Recognizing the Berber Language in Morocco A Step For Democratizationby Moha Ennaji - Morocco’s Berber minority has long suffered from marginalization, but a decades-old civil society movement succeeded in demanding official recognition of the Berber language and culture. This is an essential step in Morocco’s ongoing democratic reform process.


LAW & ETHICS

A Human Touch Autonomous Weapons, Directive 3000.09, and the “Appropriate Levels of Human Judgment over the Use of Force” by Dan Saxon - As semi-autonomous weapons are developed and deployed, it is crucial to apply international humanitarian law to establish a decision-making balance between machines and humans. The legal and political value of human judgment must always supersede that of autonomous weapon.

Intersections of Torture and Power an interview with David Luban - Torture is an ineffective interrogation tactic. Moreover, the prohibition of torture is a moral affront archetype that is linked to several societal values. Policymakers and interrogators must uphold these values, with a focus on human dignity and equality.


BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

South-South Trade in Latin America Cyclical Trend or Permanent Feature? by Paolo Giordano and Barbara Ramos - The era of North-North dominated trade is steadily coming under revision as regional trade among South-South countries picks up due to the recent economic crisis. Is this a temporary feature of the world trade system, or just a temporary reaction to a sluggish recovery among developed countries?


SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Squeezing Out Development Information Examining Two Trends by Steven Gale - Big data and data analytics are creating powerful new opportunities for the field of international development. However, traditional issues in program evaluation persist.

Farewell to the God of Plague Has International Law Prepared Us for the Next Pandemic? by Alexandra Phelan and Lawrence O. Gostin - The current international legal framework for preventing and controlling infectious diseases is inadequate. It is reactive, not preventive, and does a poor job of ensuring equity and global cooperation. A new Framework Convention of Global Health could move the international community in the right direction.


BOOKS

The Choice to Wage War by Charles P. Clark - A review of The War that Ended Peace: The Road to 1914 by Margaret MacMillan

Force of Arms or Ironic Verse? by Aviel Roshwald - A review of Catastrophe 1914: Europe Goes to War by Max Hastings

Deciphering Transnational Health Challenges by James G. Hodge, Jr. - A review of Global Health Law by Lawrence O. Gostin


A LOOK BACK

A New Type of Major Power Relationship? an interview with Cheng Li - The newly appointed director of the John L. Thornton China Center at Brookings reflects on the evolution of U.S.-China relations on the 35th anniversary of full diplomatic relations between both countries. Can Beijing and Washington forge a “new type” of relationship aimed at developing “win-win” cooperation and circumventing major conflict despite the tension and mutual mistrust that permeates their relations? (click to view FREE content)



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