14.2-The-Integration-of-Regions-389x580EDITORS' NOTE

In 1950 six nations created the European Coal and Steel Community, laying the foundations for what would later become the European Union. Since then many other regions have integrated and the number of regional organizations has proliferated. In Africa alone there are several, and often countries are members of multiple organizations. Regional organizations are key actors in tackling tough problems, such as protecting human rights, preventing and resolving conflict, strengthening regional cooperation, and promoting economic growth. (continue reading...)


 INTRODUCTION 

 by Piero S. Graglia

Regional integration and regional organizations are two sides of the same coin although at times stamped with different metals. Regional organizations are often characterized by different levels of integration, and an integrated region can present itself in various ways with regards to security integration, environmental protection integration, and economic and trade integration. In other words, we lack a reference system or scale to determine the “extension” (as a logic theorist would say) of the integration process. The reason is that between the Westphalian Nation-State willing to collaborate with its neighbors and a complete federal union, we can find several models and historical examples of political and economic integration, sectorial or functional, military or trade-oriented. (read FREE content...)


CONFLICT & SECURITY

Mali: This is Only the Beginning by Baz Lecocq - The intervention in Mali and the immediate post-conflict period will be determined by the state of Malian politics, its bureaucracy, and its army; and the geographic and socio-political position of the country.  (continue reading...) The Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Stabilizer or Spoiler? by Denise Natali - Regional complexities, including the Kurdistan Region’s growing economic independence and Prime Minister Nouri al- Maliki’s accumulation of power, are changing the political dynamics of Iraq. (continue reading...) Building Community Resilience to Violent Extremism by Stevan Weine - Research from a recent ethnographic study with fifty-three youth, parents, and community providers in the Somali-American community in Minneapolis-St. Paul. (continue reading...)
POLITICS & DIPLOMACY The Most Dangerous Country on Earth by Joseph Cirincione - Pakistan’s unique combination of instability, extremism, and nuclear weapons could lead to greater instability with- in the region and could possibly threaten international security, making the country a pressing U.S. foreign policy concern. (continue reading…) From Tehran to Khartoum: Thirty-Five Years As An American Diplomat Interview with Ambassador Joseph D. Stafford III - Ambassador Joseph D. Stafford III spoke with GJIA to discuss his thirty-five year career in the U.S. Foreign Service. Ambassador Stafford was one of the six American diplomats to evade capture during the Iranian Hostage Crisis in 1979. In this interview, Ambassador Stafford discusses the Iranian Hostage Crisis, the Arab Spring, U.S. policy toward Sudan, and more. (read FREE content…) On Leadership and American Power: A Discussion about the Role of Leadership in U.S. Foreign Policy Interview with Joseph S. Nye Jr. - In this interview, Professor Nye discusses his views on the role of leadership in shaping and promoting U.S. foreign policy. (read FREE content…)  The Role of Syria in Israeli-Turkish Relations by Moran Stern & Dennis Ross - Syria policy has had significant influence on the Israeli-Turkish relationship. Cooperation and planning regarding collective responses to the Syrian Civil War could provide a framework for a stronger partnership between these two regional powers. (continue reading…)
CULTURE & SOCIETY The Future Role of the Chinese Middle Class by Cheng Li & Ryan McElveen - With the rise of the Chinese middle class, the new administration must balance the interests of the middle class that fuels the nation’s economy and the harmful effects of the consumption-based growth model that the government wishes to implement. (continue reading…) Dis-united Kingdoms? What Lies Behind Scotland’s Referendum for Independence by Roger Mason - In light of the upcoming 2014 Scottish referendum, Mason explains in historical perspective the political, economic, and social forces that lie behind the Scots’ desire to secede from its 400-year-long union with England. (continue reading…) La Policía Comunitaria: Self-Defense Groups in Mexico: The Aftermath of a Poorly Designed Policy by Mauricio Mering & Jaime Hernandez Colorado - Mexico has witnessed a rise in self-defense groups (community police forces) forming in response to the failures of the Calderón administration’s security policy to ensure stability and peace in the nation. (continue reading…)
LAW & ETHICS The Technologist’s Dilemma: Ethical Challenges of Using Crowdsourcing Technology in Conflict and Disaster-Affected Regions by Charles Martin-Shields - Crowdsourcing technologies such as mobile phones, social media, and digital mapping software have increased the ability of crisis responders and local citizens to share information about conflict-affected environments in near-real time. Controls could block the availability of tools useful for human rights activists in affected countries. (continue reading…)
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS Afghanistan Transition: Building the Foundations for Future Growth and Stability by Claudia Nassif - Research conducted by a team of economists at the World Bank suggests that the 2014 withdrawal of international troops from Afghanistan need not hamper reconstruction efforts. The country has enormous potential in its agriculture and mining sectors. (continue reading…)  The Link Between Oil Prices and the U.S. Macroeconomy by Blake Clayton - The U.S. oil landscape is now undergoing a period of profound change, caused by shifting supply and demand patterns as well as developments in technology and natural gas. Policymakers must seek to understand the economy’s evolving ties to oil prices to ensure sensible domestic policymaking. (continue reading…)
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY While We Watched: Assessing the Impact of the Satellite Sentinel Project by Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. - The experience of Harvard Humanitarian Initiative’s Satellite Sentinel Project suggests that attempting to enhance the situational awareness of policymakers and the public does not appear by itself, at least in the case of Sudan, to directly affect whether, and to what degree, governments respond to mass atrocities as they occur. (read FREE content…)  How is NATO Dealing with Emerging Security Challenges? by Jamie Shea - NATO’s member states are facing a new set of highly networked challenges, such as terrorism, energy security, and cyber warfare. This will require NATO to formulate new strategies and adjust its original ones to account for the new security environment. (continue reading…)
BOOKS The Killing Zone Review by John McNeill - A review of The Killing Zone: The United States Wages Cold War in Latin America by Stephen Rabe. (continue reading…) Understanding Iran Review by John McNeill - A review of Understanding Iran: Everything You Need to Know, From Persia to the Islamic Republic, from Cyrus to Ahmadinejad by William R. Polk. (continue reading…) Lee Kuan Yew: The Grand Master’s Insights on China, the United States and the World Review by Pamela Sodhy - A review of Lee Kuan Yew: The Grand Master’s Insights on China, the United States and the World by Graham Allison, Robert D. Blackwill, and Ali Wayne. (continue reading…) The Decline and Fall of the United States Information Agency Review by Juliet Antunes Sablosky - A review of The Decline and Fall of the United States Information Agency by Nicholas Cull. (continue reading…)
A LOOK BACK Global Women’s Issues Interview with Ambassador Melanne Verveer - In this interview, Ambassador Verveer discusses global women’s issues. (read FREE content…)


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