Espionage and intelligence-gathering activities have evolved significantly since the end of the Cold War. State governments are no longer the only actors to make use of these practices, and information collection methods range from covert surveillance activities to monitoring financial transactions. Espionage plays an ever-greater role in the operations of states, non-state actors, and corporations, and has, as a result, created a host of new challenges to U.S. interests.The authors in this issue’s Forum provide a glimpse into the ubiquity and complexity of espionage and intelligence-gathering, and offer insight into the implications of their use in finance, industry, and national security.
Other contributions to this issue include articles about the end of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan, constitutional reform in Burma, anti-human trafficking policies, and power politics in Kenya’s Mau Forest Complex.
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- Introduction by Catherine Lotrionte
Espionage and intelligence-gathering activities have evolved significantly since the end of the Cold War. State governments are no longer the only actors to make use of these practices, and information collection methods range from covert surveillance activities to monitoring financial transactions. Espionage plays an ever-greater role in the operations of states, non-state actors, and corporations, and has, as a result, created a host of new challenges to U.S. interests. The Forum of this issue addresses the changing threat of espionage after the Cold War, some of the new consumers of intelligence, and the unique and effective ways that actors have begun to use these practices.
- Should Intelligence Support to Private Industry be Enhanced? by Matthew Walker | (Continue reading...)
- Corporate Responsibility in Cybersecurity: Building International Global Standards by Harvey Rishikof and Kevin Lunday | (Continue reading...)
- Terrorist Intelligence Capabilities: Lessons from the Battlefieldby Bruce Riedel | (Continue reading...)
- Follow the Money: Leveraging Financial Intelligence to Combat Transnational Threats by Matthew Levitt | (Continue reading...)
- The Challenge of Convenience by Marissa Fenech, Stuart Jones, David Murray and Neal Pollard | (Continue reading...)
- Secrets and Lies: The Rise of Corporate Espionage in a Global Economy by Eamon Javers | (Continue reading...)
Politics & Diplomacy
- Continuity and Change – Israel’s Relationship with the United States and the World by Michael Oren | (Continue reading...)
Michael Oren has served as Ambassador of Israel to the United States since July 2009. In this interview, he discusses Israel’s relationship with the United States, the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, and political, environmental, and social challenges that Israel is currently facing.
Conflict & Security
In a historic referendum that took place in January, the people in southern Sudan voted whether to remain part of a united Sudan or to secede. Possibilities of creation of the first new state in Africa since 1993 were high. The article discusses the events leading up to the scheduled vote, possible outcomes, and responses to the post-referendum situation in the region.
- Trends in Terrorism Since 9/11 : Is terrorism still a threat to the United States? by Louis Klarevas | (Continue reading...)
With an increased focus on terrorist threats on U.S. soil, the author investigates whether terrorism is as great a threat as conveyed by the media and policymakers. The article analyzes trends in terrorism worldwide over the last few years by using data from the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) and a unique dataset created by the author. The author concludes with some brief policy guidance in light of observed trends.
Culture & Society
- The Global Abolition of Human Trafficking – The Indispensable Role of the United States by Mark P. Lagon | (Continue reading...)
Much progress has been made in the fight against human trafficking over the past ten years thanks to the implementation of a UN treaty and a comprehensive U.S. law to combat this crime. What actions have states and non-state actors taken against human trafficking so far, and what more should be done in order to help the millions of trafficking victims worldwide?
Law & Ethics
In November 2010, Burma elected a partially civilian government after fifty years of military rule. The country’s ethnically diverse citizenry is rightfully concerned that the Junta will seize power again, as Burma’s constitution permits. The international community must work closely with Burma’s new government, composed of military personnel and civilian office-holders, to ensure basic rights, fair treatment, and political voice for all of the country’s inhabitants.
- Glaciers, Monsoons, Rivers, and Conflict: China and South Asia by Paul Sullivan | (Continue reading...)
With increasing country demands but a changing supply of water due to climate change, tensions may increase over international water sources in South Asia and China. The article investigates these trends and discusses the existing and potential treaties and impacts of different scenarios on the region’s politics and economics.
Business & Economics
- Reducing Inequality: The Role of Reforms in Brazil by Phillipe G. Leite | (Continue reading...)
Government programs have significantly reduced inequality in Brazil over the past fifteen years. Much work remains, however, to ensure these initiatives remain sustainable.
Science & Technology
- Maps, Power and the Destruction of the Mau Forest in Kenya by Jacqueline Klopp and Job Kikosgui Sang | (Continue reading...)
Deforestation is a complex issue linked not only to economic and social dynamics at both global and local levels but also to questions of power and politics. Nowhere is this more evident than in the ongoing struggle over the Mau Forest in Kenya. This article explores the history of political struggles surrounding the Mau forest and the role that mapping has played in determining the political and ecological landscape of the region.
Leapfrogging allows developing countries to skip many of the steps that developed countries have had to take when making technological advancements. This article examines the processes developing countries have undergone in order to take advantage of leapfrogging and to develop more efficiently.
A review of Power and the Past: Collective Memory and International Relations by Eric Langenbacher and Yossi Shain.
View from the Ground
- Harnessing the Positive Potential of Global Interdependence by Elaine Kelley | (Continue reading...)
The Interdependence Movement is devolving. The 2010 Berlin Interdependence Day Forum and Celebration emphasized the increased role of communal action in promotion of global peace, democracy, and justice.
A Look Back
58th President of Colombia and recently named Distinguished Scholar in the Practice of Global Leadership at Georgetown University, Álvaro Uribe Vélez discusses his time in office and the future of Colombia.